Hampton is one of the seven major cities that compose Hampton Roads metropolitan area. It is on the southeastern end of the Virginia Peninsula. Hampton traces its history to the city's Old Point Comfort, the home of Fort Monroe for almost 400 years, which was named by the 1607 voyagers, led by Captain Christopher Newport, who first established Jamestown as an English colonial settlement. Hampton is the home of Langley Air Force Base, NASA Langley Research Center, and the Virginia Air and Space Center. From the new Peninsula Town Center to the Hampton Coliseum, Hampton features a wide array of business and industrial enterprises, retail and residential areas, and historical sites.
Located on the Hampton Roads Beltway, it hosts the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel (HRBT) on Interstate 64. First open in 1957, it was the world's first bridge-tunnel, crossing the mouth of the Hampton Roads harbor, which serves as the gateway to the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean from the eastern United States' largest ice-free harbor and its tributary rivers. Hampton features many miles of waterfront and beaches.